Abacus Meaning

Abacus Meaning and its History

What is abacus?

The abacus is a calculating device used from ancient times. It is thought that this simple apparatus had originated in Babylon about 5,000 years ago. In 19th and 20th century, it was still used in Japan, China, the Middle East, and Russia.

Resurgence of Abacus Learning

However, the awareness of the importance of Abacus and Mental Arithmetic was rekindled once again in the late 80s and early 90s especially after the reports of the First and Second International Comparative Studies of Mathematics Achievement conducted by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) were published. In both studies, the performance of the students from the Eastern countries was found to be consistently higher than the Western counterparts.

Consequently, Abacus education has again gained lot of prominence & importance and is now considered as an essential skill development education for children with large number of benefits.

What are the main techniques of Abacus Learning?

  • Use of Abacus: In this technique, we use an abacus to perform most arithmetic operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, square root, cubic root, etc.
  • Visualization: Instead of manipulating a physical abacus, in this technique, calculations are done mentally with an imaged abacus, and such calculation method is the so-called ‘‘abacus-based mental calculation (AMC)“. AMC is an efficient calculation strategy that can be mastered by children through Abacus training.

About Abacus History & main types of Abacus:

It is the view of the historians that the first abacus consisted of a shallow tray filled with fine sand or dust and numbers were recorded and erased with a finger. It is also thought that the word abacus, might have come from the Semitic word for “dust,” abq.

A modern abacus is made of wood or plastic, consisting of a rectangular frame with at least nine vertical rods strung with movable beads. The number of vertical bars and beads on each bar varies with location and culture, but the basic function of the abacus remains the same.

Chinese Abacus or Suan-pan

Chinese Suan-PanThe Chinese abacus has a horizontal bar which divides the frame into two parts. The classic version of Chinese Abacus is known as the suan-pan, or the “2/5 abacus,”. It is thought to have developed around C. E. 1200.

  • In Suan-pan, the area above the horizontal bar, is called as heaven, and consists of two beads per vertical rod. Each of these beads has a value of five.
  • The lower area is called as the earth. Each vertical rod in the earth area, contains five beads each, with each bead having a value of one.
  • Each vertical rod represents a unit of ten. Calculation is done by moving beads toward or away from the horizontal divider.

Japanese Abacus or Soroban

In the mid – 1800s, the 2/5 abacus was replaced by the 1/5 abacus, and, by the 1930s, the most widely used form of abacus was the Japanese – made soroban, or 1/4 abacus.

Construction Details of Abacus

  • The numerical value of each bead depends on its location in the abacus. Each heaven bead has a value of five times that of an earth bead below it.
  • Each rod represents columns of written numbers. Beads on the vertical rod farthest to the right have their values multiplied by one. On this rod, each earth bead is one and each heaven bead is five.
  • Beads on the second rod from the right, however, have their value multiplied by 10. On this rod, each earth bead represents 10 and each heaven bead stands for 50. Beads on the third rod from the right have their value multiplied by 100, so that each earth bead represents 100 and each heaven bead stands for 500, and so on.
spring break camp 2019

Spring Break Camp in Dubai 2K19

What are the Benefits of a Spring Break Camp?

It’s near-impossible for us to explain the wizardry of a spring break camp in a single blog post but nevertheless, we will try to summarize as much as we can. Many parents might be dealing with a doubt of whether there is really a need for such kind of a camp??? Regardless of which one you pick, studies reveal that these camps will have a positive and impactful experience for any child.

Summer Camp for Kids in Dubai

Camp Offerings

Our Spring Break Camp offers mainly activities like keyboard, art and crafts, guitar, vocals, brain train, DJ, and many more. Also at Al Nahda kids get to enjoy outdoor activities such as swimming, kids yoga, basketball, indoor games and theme day


Get Connected without Technology

One of the biggest advantages of being in a camp for your kid is it pushes them to unplug. This will not only boost up the personal skills and practicing social skills, but also takes off the pressure of getting digital ‘likes’ for what they do. Here kids can be kids and they are to experience the unlimited boundary of fun.

Learn to be Independent

A camp, in general, brings about the taste of independence that is extremely hard to come by in the fast-paced environment of today. Each camper is solely responsible for arriving on time at their activities. This in a way helps them to get to know about the most important aspect in life – ‘punctuality’ but not in a forced manner but in a fun way.

Fostering Inclusion

Regardless of which camp your child attends, it is pretty sure that they will be included in the warm, welcoming and supportive nature which every camp provides. Here they will learn to appreciate the differences in opinion and each one of them will gear back home with a deeper understanding of those who are different from them and the world around them.

Have a fun blast!!!!

The outright aspect is downright fun. We can expatiate about the spring break camp until our faces turn blue, but there’s no better explanation than experiencing the fun yourself. What’s holding back to experience the extravaganza this spring break for your kiddos.