Best learning age for the children

Brain development and BEST LEARNING AGE for children

This article discusses Brain Development and best learning age for children, brain development including brain wiring and nervous tissue growth, importance of development of both sides of the brain.

Brain Development

For years, scientists have known that what happens – or doesn’t happen – during the first few years makes a big difference in a child’s later life, and that babies who do not get enough love and attention in infancy are less likely to be well-adjusted adults.

Thanks to brain imaging technologies, we now have a clearer understanding of how the brain functions, both before and after birth.

Two most important factors related to development of the brain and ability to learn are

1.       Brain and Nervous tissue growth

2.       Development of both sides of the brain which are discussed below


Brain and Nervous tissue growth

Wiring the Brain

A baby is born with about 100 billion neurons, the basic brain cells responsible for all major functions that happen in the body. Neurons exist throughout the central nervous system. Thinking, feeling, breathing, walking, and all other functions in the brain happen because these cells communicate. The number of neurons remains nearly constant from birth on, but the number and complexity of connections among neurons changes dramatically throughout the child’s life.

During the first year or two, neurons make many more connections than the baby will use. The developing brain is a little like a fertile garden. When we plant a garden, we plant more seeds than needed to ensure that some of them grow and thrive. When too many seeds sprout, there is not enough room for the healthiest plants to thrive. By weeding out some plants, we allow more room for the crops to grow. The brain has a similar “weeding” process, called pruning. Pruning is a normal part of brain development that creates more space for the most important networks of connections to expand and helps the brain conduct signals more efficiently.


Variation of Nervous tissue growth rate with age

According to the analysis on the development of nervous tissues, the development and growth of the nervous tissues will happen from 4 to 6 years old at the fastest pace and the progression will slow down after 12 years of age, when growth has reached to 75 % levels.

During juvenile period, these cells will grow up to 90 % of an adult or in other words, the liaison net of the nervous tissue will reach to 90%.

The greatest growth of human brain happens during the age from 4 years to 14 years. During this period, the frequency of brain wave increases gradually from Theta (relaxing stage) to Alpha level (relaxing but conscious). Children in Alpha level have plentiful imagination and quicker learning ability.

As they grow older into their juvenile age (the Beta level, the sober period), thought will become more complicated and rational, and they will mainly think with their left brain.


Importance of development of both sides of the brain

The relativity theory introduced in 1905 and 1916 by Einstein had shocked the science circles. He illustrated the relativity theory as an outcome of an idea. He used his right brain to create an amazing journey of thought and use his left-brain to develop a set of mathematical theories to explain the fairyland he saw.

The drawings, composition, lines and model in rough draft of Piccaso have shown the mathematical and geometrical concept.

These proved that there are hidden potential of science and arts in every brain, the only difference is that both brains are not equally developed, otherwise this will double out the network growth progress.


Control of different organs

A lot of physiological organs of the human body are divided in to right and left parts. Some of them appear symmetric on the surface, but the function is not symmetric at all. For instance, the right and left hands are different in strength and skill, so is the visual sensitiveness of the right and left eyes. For the same reason, the function of the right and left hemisphere of the brain is not symmetric either.

The different cognitive forms of the two hemispheres are mutually complementary and co-operative and develop harmoniously, making up the whole function of the human brain.

“The theme to emerge from this is that there appears to be two modes of thinking, verbal and nonverbal, represented rather separately in the left and right hemisphere respectively and that our education system, as well as science in general tends to neglect the nonverbal from the intellect. What is come down to is that modern society discriminates against the right hemisphere.


Need to train both sides of brain to train together

To give equal rein to the overall intelligence of the cerebrum, both the right and left brain must be trained at the same time. The creativity will at its greatest only when both brains are communicating and co-operating with each other. The creativity function from right brain need to be boosted by the information stored in left brain, whereas the mathematical and physical abilities must work together with the space perception from the right brain to become an excellent scientist, engineer, literati, designer and business man.

Therefore, as a parent to you children, in order to explore and enhance the children’s intelligence, the best learning time for your children is the age before 15 and development of both sides of brain is very important.

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Child’s Brain and Skill Development by doing the right activities at the right time

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Your child’s understanding of the world changes and builds with age and experience. Brain Development, Skill Development, Emotional Growth, Personality Development, Communication Skills Development of your child happens effectively if you match activities and exercises with Child’s age and stage of progress. Doing the right activities at the right time encourages healthy intellectual expansion with the least effort and the most pleasure for both you and your child.


How children learn

In order to stimulate your child’s growth, it helps to understand exactly how children learn. Our ideas about the brain and skill development have changed considerably in recent years.  Earlier, parents and educators used to believe that children were empty vessels to be filled with knowledge. Later on, we adopted the notion that children were more or less fully formed beings at birth whose fate is determined mostly by their genetic make-up, no matter what happens in the environment.


The truth lies somewhere in between

Many Scientists helped change our ideas about how Brain and Skill Development proceeds. Psychologists who studied children from the 1920s has published what has become one of the most influential and respected theories of learning. They believed that children gain knowledge by exploring their surroundings and trying to make sense of the world. They also observed that most children learn in predictable stages of development that occur at about the same age.

Scientists broke these stages Brain and Skill Development into a series of four schemas, or basic units of knowledge, that serve as building blocks for understanding.


Here’s a brief rundown of those four stages:

Stage 1 (By Birth to age 2)-Sensorimotor Stage.

Infants use their senses to inspect the world and begin to see a distinction between themselves and other objects. They have no concept of “Object Permanence”. When their mother or anyone else disappears from sight, the infant believes that person is gone forever.

Stage 2 (ages 2-7) – Pre-Operational Stage.

This is where children begin to acquire language, use mental images and symbols, and understand simple rules. They see the world only from their perspective. For example, if they cover their faces and cannot see others, they still believe that means others cannot see them.

Stage 3 (ages 7-11) – Concrete Operations Stage.

At this stage, children distinguish between fantasy and reality. They become more logical, less egocentric. They can concentrate and solve problems better and begin to understand the relation between time, distance, and speed, as well as other rules that govern the world.

Stage 4 (ages 11-adult) – Formal Operations Stage.

Stage focuses on the child’s growing ability to deal with abstract ideas, understand ethical principles, and reason about rules and regulations.

Each of the four stages is characterized by increasingly sophisticated and abstract levels of thought. Your child navigates through each stage by questioning and investigating everything around him. He moves to the next stage by building on what was learned in the previous stage.

Progression through these stages is not automatic nor is it guaranteed, simply by growing older. Some studies show that only 40 to 60 percent of the students and adults fully achieve Stage 4 maturity. In many developing countries, educators believe even larger percentages of the population never reach this ability to reason and entertain abstractions.


How children interact with the world

Popular scientists and other prominent educators now agree upon is that how much children really learn at each stage depends on their active involvement with their parents and their surroundings. Children are like little scientists, constantly testing their theories of how the world works by interacting with the world they are exposed to. They are building their world view, step by step.

Children will proceed to a full understanding of the world faster and more effortlessly if they receive from their parents both encouragement and autonomy. Children need the freedom to wander, as well as the sense of security that comes from knowing that their parents will be there when they return to share the excitement of their latest discovery.

 

 

skill development 02Make your children do right activities like Abacus, Brain Gym Exercises. Provide them with a rich habitat, give them the freedom to venture forth, and be there to listen when they come back to tell you what they have discovered. Children learn about the world through natural play. By manipulating everyday objects, they begin to understand how things operate and why things happen the way they do. Children are naturally curious and motivated to explore. If the materials are there, they will use them.

For children, mastering an object is its own reward. With mastery, they also gain a feeling of competence and self-esteem. For example: when your child learns he can pour water from a pitcher into a glass.  They feel happy, effective and competent individuals. That is a far greater motivation than fear of punishment or the fear of failure that accompanies anxiety.

Furthermore, children learn faster and retain the information better when they do Abacus and Brain Gym Exercises. They use both left and right brains. So it is best for parents and teachers to present new exercises or information using more than one of the senses, whenever possible. For example: when playing a game, you might want to call attention to sights as well as sounds, or allow your child to experience the scent of an object as well as its feel.

We often find that in midlife, we return to the hobbies of our childhood. We play with clay, draw, and take up our old musical instruments. We don’t do it because we are great artists or musicians. We do it for the sheer joy of it. The powerful smells, sounds, sights and feelings we remember from those happy days when we first learned just for the fun of it.