This article is first in the series to learn Guitar, as part of various Music Courses in Karama offered by Mindbuilder Training Center. It provides basic guitar information and introduces the beginners to the various parts of guitars and main types of guitars in general. In subsequent articles, we shall discuss, individual types of guitars in detail in terms of construction and playing.
Introduction to Guitar
A guitar is defined as a musical instrument with frets and with six strings in majority of the cases. Frets are the thin strips of metal located at intervals that are increments of half steps on scale of 12 tones. Frets are provided on the neck of the guitar and usually cover the full width of the neck. Board where frets are placed is known as the Fret board or Fingerboard.
You are required to use Both hands to play the guitar. With one hand you can pluck the strings by either with your finger or fingernails or by using what is known as guitar pick. At the same time, with the fingers of the other hand you have to press the strings against the frets, also known as fretting.
The three main parts of Guitar are body, neck and head. The strings get anchored or terminated to the body of the guitar at a part which is called as bridge. The sound produced by the vibrating strings is transferred by the bridge to guitar body and hollow chamber that results in the sound output of the instrument. This process is referred to as projection. In case of electric guitar, an amplifier and speaker is used for the process.
The guitar falls into a category of musical instruments known as chordophone where vibrating strings connected between fixed points and in stretched condition produce sound. Other examples being Banjo, Piano, Sitar Violin etc.
Brief History of Guitar
History of guitar can be traced back to about 4000 years ago. Following are the versions which preceded and were responsible for its development to present shape.
Types of Guitars
There are three main types of guitars as shown below:
These three types have many variations. In addition to these main types, there are also other types such as bass guitars, resonator guitars, 12-string, Seven-string and eight-string
Guitars for different types of music.
The use of different type of guitars is also related to the type of music you like or want to play:
It is usually recommended to start with is a nylon string guitar because it’s having the wider fingerboard with more room and its soft string allows you to learn to have a better string control.
Brief Description of main types of Guitars
The main features of different types of guitars is summarized below. The main types of guitars shall be dealt in detail on separate pages.